Our Flora & Fauna

Prairie Plants

White Tailed Deer


Fun Fact: The average age for a doe is about 6 years, while the average age for a buck is less than 3.

Rattlesnake Master (Eryngium yuccifolium)

     Rattlesnake Master is a strange looking plant in the carrot family, that looks like it belongs in the desert. With eaves that resemble a yucca plant, Rattlesnake Master is a easy plant to identify in our preserves.


     The common name Rattlesnake Master gets its origins from a myth that its roots would work as an antidote for snakebites, THIS IS NOT TRUE, so do not try this at home! Historically however the dried seed heads were used to make rattles, as well as the leaves being used to construct prehistoric shoes.

Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

      Purple Coneflower can be found in almost all of our preserves, it is a beautiful herbaceous plant that attracts beautiful pollinators such as various butterflies! The genus Echinacea comes from a Greek word meaning spiny one due to the flowers seed head.


      Purple Coneflower was traditionally used by Native Americans for burns, insect bites, and digested for stomach pains as well as toothaches. In modern times the pharmaceutical use is as a way to stimulate the immune system. However Purple Coneflower may lead to allergic reactions in some.

Spider Wort (Tradescantia ohiensis)

    There are many different types of Spider Wort, the ones you most likely are going to find on out preserves are a beautiful violet color! Many of the species can hybridize and several other species are known to create hybrids with Tradescantia ohiensis.

Big Bluestem Grass (Andropogon gerardi)



Big Bluestem , also known as Tall Bluestem, and Turkeyfoot, is a very common grass found throughout North America's prairies. It is also a very common plant for natural landscapes due to it s drought tolerance.

Blazingstar ( Genus: Liatris)

      Blazingstar can be important  habitat/food for certain butterfly and moth species, it has beautiful purple flowers that can be found in majority of our preserves! There are many species of Liatris throughout North America , even in more tropical climates such as Florida! These flowers can also be commonly seen as ornamental plants in both gardens and flower displays.

Indian Paintbrush (Genus: Castilleja)

       Like many plants the genus Castilleja has over a hundred of similar looking species in it. They all usually share the common name Indian Paintbrush.  The Ojibwe tribe used this beautiful plant as a hair wash, that resulted in full body hair! Indian Paintbrush can also be used as a dye, immune system booster, and as a ornamental plant.


     Indian Paintbrush is in fact a parasitic plant , and draws it's water and nutrients from nearby plant roots. However unlike other parasitic plants, Indian Paintbrush can still produce its own food through photosynthesis.


Lake Bluff Open Lands Association is a non-profit organization working to protect Lake Bluff's open and natural areas forever. Due to generous donations, volunteer hours, and a hard working intern team in the summer, LBOLA has been able to continuously maintain 200+ acres across 13 natural areas.


Our preserves are open to the public at no charge , however if you feel so inclined to donate financially or your volunteer time, please contact us. None of our success would be possible without the communities generous donations.


Lake Bluff

Open Lands Association

P.O. Box 449   |   Lake Bluff, IL 60044   |   (224)-436-1512 |   info@lbola.org



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